General Questions

If you have general questions, unrelated to our posts, feel free to post them on this page and we will answer them the best that we can.

7 Responses to General Questions

  1. Molinacm says:

    How was the earth prior the big flood?

    • grisda says:

      We have very little information about the world prior to the flood of Genesis 7. Genesis 6:11-13 indicates the earth was filled with violence and all flesh had corrupted their way. The fossil record, which we believe was largely the result of the flood, shows a great diversity of living creatures. Many of these appear to have been herbivores, while many others appear to have been large predators. Apparently, one reason for the flood was to destroy the corrupted lineages and reduce the violence that had arisen through the corruption of the creation.

  2. Dave Mullbock says:

    What hurdles would the earliest prokaryotic cells have to overcome in order to reproduce? If somehow a cell membrane enveloped some RNA, and that RNA was duplicated in the protoplasm, how would the cell then know to divide? Would there be a need for membrane bound proteins to regulate cellular processes? If so, how could they have formed and then taken their place in the plasma membrane? In short, how plausible is the formation of self-replicating prokaryotic cells from organic chemical compounds?

    • grisda says:

      The probability of spontaneous formation of self-replicating prokaryotic cells is too low to calculate. As far as the steps are concerned, if one wants to estimate the probabilities of spontaneous generation of life as we know it, the probabilities are indistinguishable from zero. If we want to consider some unknown form of life, we would have only speculation, as we do not know what other forms of life are possible. It does seem that a membrane is required in order to isolate the chemical reactions in the organism from chemicals in the environment. This would necessitate some kind of mechanism to regulate the movement of materials through the membrane. All metabolic reactions would have to have some means of regulation. In short, the best word to describe the origin of such a system is “miracle.”

  3. ralph7777 says:

    Was their a possibility that some of the Dinosaurs survived after the flood?
    – Because most of the culture around the world have many accounts of dragons while dinosaur word was not used during the old times.
    and how about dinosaurs who lived in the sea such as mosasaurs and etc.?

    Is Behemoth or Leviathan in the bible would be fitting or possible to be dinosaurs?

    • grisda says:

      We do not have any evidence that some dinosaurs survived after the flood. Of course “absence of evidence is not evidence of absence,” and one may make conjectures, but they remain only that. In the geologic column, the last evidence of dinosaurs is at the Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary. The entire Cenozoic system of sediments and fossils lies above that boundary, and contains fossils of thousands of species of vertebrates, but without any dinosaur fossils. Thus, it seems highly unlikely that dinosaurs survived after the flood. However, it would be going beyond the evidence to conclude that such survival was impossible. To give an example, coelacanth fishes famously disappear from the fossil record in the Cretaceous but are found living today. Clearly, the lack of known fossils does not prove their absence during deposition of Cenozoic sediments.

      Truly, there are many accounts of “dragon” and other mythical creatures, and one may wonder what is the basis for such legends. Could there be a cultural memory of pre-flood creatures, passed down through the generations in the form of stories of dragons and such creatures? How can we know? Perhaps this is the case, but it can only be speculation in the absence of direct evidence. Note that this speculative scenario would not require the survival of the “dragons” but only the survival of legends about them.

      In addition to the true dinosaurs, there were other groups of reptiles that also disappear from the fossil record at or about the top of the Cretaceous sediments. These include the marine ichthyosaurs (disappear in mid-Cretaceous), plesiosaurs and mosasaurs, as well as the terrestrial pterosaurs. Mosasaurs were giant marine lizards, and many other types of lizards still survive on land, but the other groups are not represented in the living fauna.

      The biblical term “behemoth” is used by God in Job 40 to refer to a large animal that eats grass and likes to be near water. Given the rather poetic nature of the description, it is difficult to know whether the reference is to the elephant or to the hippopotamus – both fit the general description. Most scholars appear to favor the hippopotamus. Some have interpreted the reference to moving his tail “like a cedar” to mean that the tail is very large like a tree. However, the text is not comparing size; it is comparing movement. According to the text, the tail moves like a cedar. Nothing is said about the size of the tail. The term “behemah” appears to be related to the word “behemoth.” “Behemah” commonly refers to cattle or other large animals (e.g., Genesis 1:24, 25, 30; Job 40:20; Psalm 50:10; and many other texts.

      “Leviathan” is also used as an example of God’s handiwork in Job 41. Again, the description is couched in poetic language, making identification somewhat uncertain. However, it is clear that leviathan lives in the water, is very powerful, and is covered with rows of scales. This points to the crocodile as a fitting identification. Crocodiles are now extinct in Israel, the last one having been killed in the early 1900s. However, the word “leviathan” is also used as a symbol of evil in the form of a “twisted serpent” (Isaiah 27:1) that God will destroy. (See also Psalm 74:14.) Thus, the use of the term “leviathan” can be explained without reference to the dinosaurs, although this does not rule out the possibility of some cultural memory of dangerous pre-flood giant animals.

      It is interesting to consider these questions, but in the end, we must admit that we don’t have all the evidence we would like, but there is no evidence to show that dinosaurs lived after the flood.

  4. BEP says:

    I have particular interest in whether the Levitical law of ‘resting the land’ is applicable and binding today, and in this age. I agree in the concept of resting the land in an organized way, either by sowing a soil building cover crop, or, for a year, mowing the weeds that develop on fallow ground, and am experimenting with both. To me, the Levitical “land rest” law is beautiful and as I have read inspired commentary regarding God’s purposes in enacting such law, I see that it was for a much greater cause than improving the soil, or having an improved harvest the following year. (Consider EGW’s commentary on God’s desire to rid His people from exaction, selfishness, idolatry, the abuse of land, people, animals and wealth, and as a testimony to the nations (and neighbors’ all around)
    My perplexity is this: Is this law as it reads binding today, and if it is, shall we not follow it exactly according to the command? It sounds beautiful, but can this be practically accomplished? ie: deer grazing, open invitations to strangers, feeding the poor, eating from the previous years store, a total year of rest from the work of gardening and agriculture, when many are just now returning to the land and to the principals of ‘country living”, where “every family is to have a home on the land, where they would grow their own food.” Please, would someone who understands the foundations of the advent faith and literal application of moral(written in stone) and ceremonial laws, mosaic law,
    laws added because of transgression until the seed(Christ) shall come, the statute and judgments, ritualistic laws, yearly sabbaths, the Jubilee, the feasts, and finally, the civil laws of that day, and their application to today, please comment?

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